Medicine Today
November 12 - World Pneumonia Day

World Pneumonia Day is celebrated annually on November 12th.


This international day appeared on the calendar at the initiative of The Global Coalition Against Child Pneumonia. This is the name of the union of international, governmental, non-governmental and local organizations, research and educational institutions, foundations and citizen activists. The coalition seeks to attract the attention of government officials, health professionals and potential donors to the problem of pneumonia.


Pneumonia is an infectious lung disease that is transmitted primarily by airborne droplets. Various types of viruses, bacteria, and fungi can be a source of pneumonia. Symptoms of the disease depend on the causes, age and health of the patient. Pulmonary pneumonia develops amid acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections. When taking antipyretic drugs without consulting a doctor, the risk of developing pneumonia or complications increases, causing the spread of infection through the respiratory tract to the lungs. Prevention of pneumonia is the correct and timely diagnosis.


First of all, children suffer from pneumonia. This disease is the leading cause of juvenile deaths worldwide. Annually, it kills 1.1 million children under the age of five. This is more than AIDS, malaria, and measles.


In 2009, the World Health Organization, together with UNICEF, announced the Global Plan of Action for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia. The purpose of this plan is to intensify the fight against pneumonia through combined measures to protect children, prevent and treat the disease.


The fight against infectious diseases in our country is one of the priorities of state policy. The program of measures for the immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases among children for 2016–2020, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers, is an important document aimed at reducing child morbidity. As in developed European countries, Azerbaijan vaccinates children against 11 infectious diseases, such as measles, tetanus, mumps, diphtheria, pertussis, etc. As a result of the measures taken, there is an improvement in the field of immunization and a decrease in the incidence of infectious diseases through immunoprophylaxis.

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