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Medicine Today
12.10.2018
October 12 - World Arthritis Day

Arthritis is a serious inflammatory disease of a joint or several joints, which, if untreated, leads not only to pain and restricted movement, but also to disability. The causes of the appearance of the disease are different. Often arthritis occurs with repeated minor injuries, open or closed injuries of the joints, with frequent physical overstrain or with a genetic predisposition. In addition, arthritis is provoked by viral and bacterial infections, hypothermia, physical and mental overload, and even excessive smoking. In some cases, the factors of occurrence and the mechanisms of the disease are not fully understood.

 

October 12, in many countries, World Arthritis Day, is celebrated annually on the initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1996.

 

The main objectives of this Day are to draw the the general public’s attention around the world to the problem of rheumatological diseases, raise awareness of arthritis in all its forms, unite the efforts of doctors, patients and the public in addressing the issues of prevention, early diagnosis, medical and social rehabilitation of patients with this ailment.

 

In the last decade, there has been a tendency to an increase in diseases of the musculoskeletal and connective tissue in the world. Bone and muscle disorders are the third most common cause of respiratory and circulatory disorders. Arthritis has been proven to shorten life expectancy by 3-7 years.

 

Doctors advise to follow a healthy lifestyle, perform physical exercises, and accurately assess your own psycho-emotional state in order to get rid of the disease. Regular exercise helps strengthen muscles. Proper nutrition also plays a role; the menu should include fruit and vegetable salads. Apple, plum, sour, blackberry, roe deer, black currant, as well as food rich in vitamin D, should be in the diet.

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