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Medicine Today
28.01.2018
28 January - World Leprosy Day

World Leprosy Day is traditionally help around the world on the last Sunday of January. The day was initiated in 1953 by French writer and journalist, Raoul Follereau, who dedicated his life to fighting leprosy. The purpose of this day is to draw attention to the problem not only of medical but also of the world community, administrative bodies, public organizations, business circles, charitable foundations, religious communities and individuals.

The Norwegian physician Gerhard Hansen was the first person to identify the disease. It is also known as Hansen’s disease or leprosy. Leprosy is an infectious chronic disease that targets the nervous system.

Leprosy is commonly regarded as one of the oldest diseases known to mankind. References to it are found in the written monuments of mankind, dating back to the 15th-10th centuries BC. Thanks to the success of modern medicine, 14 million people are saved from a fearsome disease. Today, we can say that in nearly 100 countries of the world leprosy is completely defeated. However, for many countries, this type of disease remains a serious problem (India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brazil and Central Africa).

In our country, the number of people suffering from leprosy is small and has not been seen in recent years. Such patients are treated at public expense in the Republican Hospital located in the village of Umbaki in Baku.

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