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Department of Pediatric Surgery

In 1938, Faculty of Pediatrics was opened at Azerbaijan State Medical University named after N.Narimanov, and in the same year Department of Pediatric Surgery was organized. The head of the department was Prof. Isaak Solomonovich Ginzburg. I.S.Ginzburg was a great scholar and proficient surgeon. He was awarded an honored scientist of Azerbaijan for his doctoral dissertation on “Plastics surgeries in vertebral column” in 1924. The department consisted of 3 staff members – the head of the department Professor I.S.Ginzburg, assistant professor A. Gambarov and assistant R.G.Akbarov, when it was first organized. As of the day of establishment of the department, Professor I.S.Ginzburg had provided the teaching of pediatric surgery in the Azerbaijani and Russian languages ​​at the Faculty of Pediatrics. Since the early days, the department had begun to deal with traumatologic problems of children, including burns, septic pleuritis, complications of subtropical diseases (malaria), noma, extrabuccal problems of scarlatina, and developmental defects of newborns, etc. problems in detail. The department also carried out scientific-research and methodical and organizational works, along with providing practical traumatological and surgical help to children. However, due to the beginning of the Great Patriotic War in 1941, the volume of both practical and scientific-research works of the Department of Pediatric Surgery began to decline considerably. This was primarily due to the fact that the department of traumatology had become a hospital serving the wounded soldiers of the Red Army since the very first days of the war. On the other hand, surgeons of the republic, including pediatric surgeons such as assistant professor A. Gambarov, assistant Glikstein, G. Mammadov were mobilized to the home front and died in the war for their Motherland. After the Great Patriotic War was over, the Department of Pediatric Surgery began to revive its work. It should be noted that teaching of hospital surgery in the faculties of pediatrics and sanitary-hygienic was assigned to the Department of Pediatric Surgery as well by the special decision of the Higher Education Committee of the Union and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan. And this gave a great boost to the increase in the number of employees and the planning of scientific research works. Thus, the department began to deal with the matters such as the consequences of firearm injuries, osteochondritis, thoracic perichondritis and wound dystrophies, firearm injuries of the elements of the abdominal and thoracic cavity in detail. In 1952, the Department of Pediatric Surgery was transferred into a 60-bed division of the hospital named after Semashko.

Since 1946 the Department of Pediatric Surgery had begun to strengthen itself with assistant professors, assistants, residents suffered from the war. R.G.Akbarov and A.M.Alizada, who defended their first candidate’s dissertations on pediatric surgery under the scientific guidance of I.S.Ginzburg played an important role in the scientific and practical restoration of the department. A.M.Alizada and N.Y.Akhundov defended their candidate’s and doctoral dissertations, and M.A.Lyash, E.B.Gelfgard, J.S.Khalilov, M.B.Vaziraliyev and A.M.Mustafayev their candidate’s dissertations under the scientific guidance of I.S.Ginzburg.   

Since 1970, pediatric surgery had started to continue to function independently by being separated from hospital surgery. The head of the department was Doctor of Medical Science, Professor A.M.Alizada during 1970-1976. He graduated from the faculty of treatment and prevention of ASMU named after N.Narimanov in 1939. A.M.Alizada, who served at the front throughout the Great Patriotic War, returned to the department after the war was over. He defended his candidate’s dissertation in 1949 and doctoral dissertation in 1964. A.M.Alizada worked as an assistant, assistant professor, professor and during 1970-1976 the head of the department. A.M.Alizada was engaged in large-scale social works, along with scientific and pedagogical activity. He was the chairman of the Society of Pediatric Surgeons of Azerbaijan, a member of the All-Union Surgeon Society, Vice-Rector for Educational Affairs of ASMU named after N.Narimanov. Professor A.M.Alizada is the author of more than 100 scientific works, the first textbook of “Pediatric Surgery” (1968) and the book of “Clinical Surgery”. Several candidate’s dissertations were defended under his guidance. A.M.Alizada suddenly died of acute heart failure in the age of 61in 1976.

In 1977, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor B.S.Babashov was elected as the head of the Department of Pediatric Surgery. Prof. B.Babashov was born in 1929 in the family of worker. He graduated from the Faculty of Pediatrics of ASMU named after N.Narimanov in 1952. He was sent to work in Kazakhstan by the order Komsomol. B.S.Babashov was promoted in the rural hospital in Kazakhstan from the position of resident to the head of the department of Advanced Scientific-Research Experimental Surgery Institute. He defended his candidate’s and doctoral dissertations at the Experimental and Clinical Surgery Institute in Almaty, the former capital of Kazakhstan. B.S.Babashov was a proficient surgeon. His main responsibility was the treatment of surgical diseases of the thoracic cavity. 5 candidate’s dissertations were defended under his guidance. His 2 monographs and more than 170 scientific articles were published. B.S.Babashov was dismissed from his position as the head of the department by his application in 1995 regarding his health problems. 

In 1996, Doctor of medical sciences, Professor Ch.B.Guliyev was elected as the head of the department. Ch.B.Guliyev was born in 1941 in the intellectual family. He graduated from the faculty of treatment and prevention of Azerbaijan State Medical University named after N.Narimanov in 1968. He completed his clinical residency and postgraduate study in Leningrad, and in 1973, he defended his dissertation on “Clinic, diagnostics and treatment of serious and long-lasting effects of craniocerebral trauma in children”. Ch.B.Guliyev was elected as an assistant of the department of pediatric surgery of AMU named after N.Narimanov in 1974, and in 1976, he became the assistant professor of the same department. He was a doctorate student at the Department of Pediatric Surgery at Leningrad Medical Institute of Pediatrics during 1982-1984 and in 1984, he defended his doctoral dissertation on “Joint injuries of the elements of abdominal cavity by craniocerebral trauma in children” and worked as a Professor of the Department of Pediatric Surgery of AMU named after N.Narimanov during 1985-1995, and since 1996, he had been the head of the same department. He is the author of more than 290 scientific works, as well as textbooks of “Pediatric Surgery” (2000, 2005),  monographs of “Traumatic injuries of the elements of abdominal cavity in children”, “Child traumatology” 2004, “Echinococcosis disease in children” 2004, “Craniocerebral traumas in children” 2007, “Atlas of surgical pathologies in children” 2007, 7 educational and methodical resources, 12 methodological recommendations, 1 invention and 7 effective proposals. Numerous candidate’s and doctoral dissertations were defended under his guidance. Professor Ch.B.Guliyev was also engaged in major social activities, along with his scientific practical work. He worked as the chief pediatric surgeon of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan during 1986-2013, chairman of the Problematic Commission on Surgery of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan, member of the Surgeons Society of Azerbaijan, Attestation of surgeons of the Republic, the Problematic Commission on Surgery of AMU, Scientific Council of the Ministry of Health, Defense Council of the doctoral and candidate’s dissertation of the Supreme Attestation Commission of the Republic,  Department of Pediatrics and Senior Scientific Council, Methodical Council of the University, Editorial Board of “Surgery”, “Traumatology and Orthopedics” and “Хирургия, Восточная Европа” magazines during different years. Professor Ch.B.Guliyev was appointed as a consultant professor by his application.

Doctor of Medical Science, Professor M.A.Mustafayev had great role in the development of pediatric surgery in the republic. M.A Mustafayev was born in 1942 in the intellectual family. He graduated from the faculty of treatment and prevention of AMU named after N.Narimanov in 1967. He defended candidate’s dissertation in 1969, and doctoral dissertation in 1986. M.A.Mustafayev started to work as a professor of the Department of Pediatric Surgery of AMU named after N.Narimanov in 1986. He died in 2005. Professor M.A.Mustafayev laid the foundation for Combustiology (burn injury medicine) in Azerbaijan. 5 candidate`s dissertations on different aspects of thermal burns in children were defended under his guidance. He is the author of many monographs, textbooks, academic resources, methodological recommendations, 3 inventions and more than 120 scientific articles.     

In 2017, PhD in medicine, assistant professor R.S.Polukhov was elected to the position of the head of the department. In 1992, he graduated from the Faculty of Pediatrics of Azerbaijan Medical University with a named scholarship. He took clinical residency at the Department of Pediatric Surgery in 1992-1994, worked as a senior laboratory assistant in 1994-1998, assistant in 1998-2007, and assistant professor in 2007-2017. At the same time, he was the head on academic affairs of the Department of Pediatric Surgery in 2000-2013, and since 2013, he is the head of the Department of Pediatric Surgery of the Educational-Surgical Clinic of AMU.

He took specialization course on endoscopic surgery at Russian State Medical University in 2003 and 2009, pediatric coloproctology and endoscopic surgery at Moscow Medical Academy named after Sechenov in 2011, Thoracoscopic and robotic endosurgery at Moscow Medical Academy named after Sechenov in 2012, and pediatric surgery and uroandrology at Moscow Medical Academy named after Sechenov in 2015. 

In 1999, he defended his dissertation on “Improving the surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis in children” and received a science degree of Candidate of Medical Science. He made a trial defense of his doctoral dissertation on “Diagnostics and complex treatment of surgical pathologies accompanied by chronic constipation in children” and submitted it to the Higher Attestation Commission under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 2017. His dissertation was allowed through the official defense by the Higher Attestation Commission. He is the author of more than 150 scientific articles, as well as the monograph of “Echinococcosis disease in children” the “Curriculum of Pediatric Surgery discipline”, 2 educational and methodical resources, 3 methodical recommendations and 1 effective proposal. He participated in more than 40 trainings, seminars, congresses, symposia and gave lectures. He is a deputy chairman of the Association of Pediatric Surgeons of Azerbaijan, member of Association of Pediatric Surgeons of Russia, Association of Endoscopic Surgery of Russia, Union of Pediatricians of Russia, (deputy head of) Board of Oprabation on the specialty of Surgery, member of the Commission on Surgery, I Treatment and Prevention Faculty Council.

Currently, the department operates in 24-bed department on the 4th floor of the Educational-Surgical Clinic of Azerbaijan Medical University. The department  is the Center for Pediatric Surgery of the Republic. Therefore, it offers planned, urgent, and immediate surgical services for children across the Republic throughout the day. Open and endoscopic surgeries are carried out by the employees in the following directions at the base of the Department of Pediatric Surgery:

- Newborns surgery - (atresia of bile ducts, atresia of gullet, atresia of small and large intestines, adenomatoid malformation of lungs, diaphragmatic hernia, omphalocele, pylorostenosis, necrotic enterocolitis, nephrotic phlegmon of newborns, epiphysis osteomyelitis, etc.).

- Urgent and immediate surgery - (acute appendicitis, peritonitis, acute intestinal obstructions, strangulated inguinal hernia, abdominal cavity traumas accompanied by internal bleeding, etc.).

- Abdominal surgery – (achalasia of gullet, gastrointestinal tube reflux, cystic expansion of bile ducts, gallstone disease, liver cystosis derivatives, hemolytic diseases of the spleen, developmental anomalies of the small intestine (duplication, diverticulum), adenomatous polyposis of the large intestine, megadolixocolone, Hirschsprung`s disease, Crohn`s disease, ulcerative colitis, developmental anomalies of the front abdominal wall, etc.)

- Torocal surgery - (pulmonary echinococcosis, emphysema, congenital and acquired diaphragmatic hernias, tracheoesophageal fistula, complications of bacterial lung destruction, etc.).

- Urological surgery - (cryptorchidism, varicocele, hydrocele, hypospadias, epispadias, hydronephrosis, urinary bladder - vesicoureteral reflux, infravesical obstruction, etc.).

- Colorectal surgery - (pararectal fistulas, anal and rectum atresia, rectovaginal fistula, rectal polyp, anal crack, anal sphincter dysfunction, rectal prolapse, etc.).

- Traumatological - orthopedic surgery - (congenital coxofemoral luxation, clubfoot, syndactyly, polydactyly, fracture of tubular bones, hydroxylapatite, etc.).

- Other surgeris - soft tissue malformations (hemangioma, lymphangioma, lipomas, epidermoids, amniotic fluid excretion, dermoid cysts, teratomas, etc.), purulent surgical infection (osteomyelitis, phlegmon, furuncle, omphalitis, hidradenitis, lymphadenitis, etc.) face and neck malformations (torticollis, front and side cyst and fistula of the neck, upper lip defect, ranula etc.), spinal cord and cerebral hernia.

At the same time, the pediatric surgery center is considered as a scientific-methodical center of the republic. Dozens of pediatric surgeons are prepared herein and sent to work in cities and regions of the Republic. Employees of the department have published more than 100 scientific-methodical and scientific-educational resources and they have been applied in practical health care. More than 30 monographs, 59 educational resurces, 5 inventions and 14 effective proposals of the employees of the department have been applied in experimental medicine. Employees of the department are engaged in major scientific-research works. Over the last 20 years, more than 1000 scientific articles have been published by the employees of the department, as well as more than 200 have been published in the foreign press. Currently, there are 2 doctors of medical science, professors, 5 PhDs in medicine, 2 PhDs, 4 highly skilled pediatric surgeons and 8 senior laboratory assistants in the pediatric surgery center.

 

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